Luxembourg, or The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, a tiny country who's name is so long it won't actually fit across it on a map, often gets overlooked when people think about coming to Europe.
Luxembourg city was founded in 963 and its strategic position promised the city a great fate. At the cross roads of Western Europe, the city became heavily fortified, you can still see the extensive city walls today. The country was raised up to a Duchy, though with slightly more land then than it has now, and controlled by the Habsburgs until the late renaissance.
The country was granted to the Netherlands, but everyone wanted to control it because of it's position on the continent. The German's attempted to control it, though, they eventually relinquished their rights to Belgium, the Duchy was owned by two countries until 1867 when it was eventually granted independence.
The Luxembourgish people take their independence very seriously, their national motto is "We want to remain what we are". Through all the different rulers, the country has become wonderfully diverse, the national language is Luxembourgish but most people speak both German and French as well.
The country is like a fairytale land, the place is full of castle's. Vianden, a short trip from Luxembourg City, is impossibly picturesque, and has a beautiful castle which towers above the small town in the wooded hills. Vianden's old town is essentially one road which runs the 700ms up to the castle's gates.
As well as Vianden, Echternach has another picturesque setting, with the country's prettiest town square.
Have you been to Luxembourg? What did you think?